Opening hours of Luxor Temple: daily from 6am to 9pm or 10pm in summer.
Entrance fee: LE 140 (-50% for ISIC card students).
The Temple of Luxor
Located on the banks of the Nile, the Temple of Luxor is entirely dedicated to the god Amun. The construction was started by Amenhotep III (1400 BC) and continued by Ramses II who added two perfectly proportioned obelisks, before Alexander the Great made some changes. Luxor Temple is a rather coherent site architecturally, compared to Karnak where there is a certain cacophony.
Hierarchically, it can be considered as a dependency of the temple of Karnak, to which it was connected by an alley of sphinxes 2.5 km long and used for processions. The whole was bordered by water features, resting places and gardens. Only part of it remains today. During the Pharaonic period, the temple of Luxor was only used for the advent of the new year, the festival took place exactly on the 19th day of the second month of the flood season (in the firstfortnight of October), and gave rise to great festivities.
Thus, once a year, the god Amun left his temple in Karnak to meet his wife Mut in the temple of Luxor. This can therefore be considered as the bedroom of the gods. By uniting with her, he regenerated the world. The fecundity of the earth fertilized by the silt and the rebirth of the vital forces were celebrated. Amon was taken in a great procession on his boat from Karnak to Luxor. All work stopped and the party was in full swing.
La plupart du temps, le pharaon y assistait. Amon was accompanied by Mut, Khonsu (the son) and the statue of the royal Ka (his double). Each god was placed on a different boat.
At the landing stage of Luxor, many fat oxen were killed to music. The procession of sacred boats was reforming. They returned to their respective sanctuaries. In the darkness of the holy place, the mating of the god Amun lasted 24 days.